西班牙社会党人——为何西班牙之左派政党如此疲软?

【导读】经济不振,西班牙社会党掀不从风浪。

Spain’s Socialists
西班牙社会党人

Why Spain’s left is in a funk
何以西班牙底左派政党如此疲软?

The party leader struggles to put the government’s unpopularity to use
社会党领导人想使政府的深恶痛绝,却无奈

Mar 23rd 2013 | MADRID |From the print edition

ALFREDO PÉREZ RUBALCABA, leader of Spain’s beleaguered opposition
Socialists, is a man with a noose around his neck. It is slowly
tightening. More than a year after his party lost power its poll ratings
remain below those of Mariano Rajoy’s Popular Party (PP). They are five
points down on their November 2011 election result, standing at just
23%.
西班牙反对党,陷入困境的社会党领导人,阿尔弗雷多·佩雷兹·鲁瓦尔卡瓦,眼下正使一拟索在起的绞刑犯。而套索正逐年收紧。他的党政都失却执政权一年多了,其支持率仍然低于马里亚诺·拉霍伊的人民党(简写PP)。如今他们的支持率才来23%,比2011年11月的选结果没有了5独百分点。

This is remarkable. Spain’s economy has tumbled deeper into recession
under the premiership of Mr Rajoy. A further 700,000 people have joined
the dole queues, pushing unemployment to 26.2% of the workforce. And as
the value of their homes falls further, frightened Spanish consumers are
keeping purses zipped tight. Many must raid savings to get by.
旋即结果是值得玩味的。西班牙经济以拉伊霍总统之任期内进一步陷入衰退。新增的七十万领失业金的众生,将失业率抬高至26.2%。而趁房产价格的越下滑,恐慌中之西班牙消费者等挑选继续捂紧钱包。许多地产商必须大量贷,依赖国民储度日。

Wage earners and pensioners are all getting poorer. Of the more needy,
1.9m unemployed do not receive state benefits. And, as Spaniards digest
tax rises and spending cuts, protests from health, education and other
public workers are a daily occurrence.
在职者与离退休人口都于转换干净。而重贫穷的凡那190万无论社会保障的失业者。并且,由于西班牙丁逐渐接受了增税与削减开支,且渴望政府之财政健康,所以教育同其余公共部门的劳动力的职,也岌岌可危。

Mr Rajoy’s PP, meanwhile, is engulfed in a corruption scandal. The man
he appointed party treasurer, Luis Bárcenas, hid €22m ($28.5m) in
Switzerland. Newspapers allege he ran a secret party slush-fund with
senior PP noses in the trough. Promises of green pastures further down
the road of austerity have yet to convince voters. The PP’s poll ratings
have fallen from 45% to 24% since the election.
再者,拉霍伊首相之人民党正陷入腐败丑闻。他所任的党内财务主管路易斯·巴尔塞尼亚斯于瑞士私藏了2200万欧元(2850万美元)。媒体报道,在人民党内上司的可不下,他起了一个机密党内小金库。于紧缩中清廉执政之应无法再次设选民信服。自选举后,人民党的支持率从45%落到24%。

So why are the Socialists not storming ahead? Many Spaniards blame them
for the current mess. A once buoyant economy crashed on the watch of
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, a Socialist prime minister. Mr Rubalcaba,
as deputy prime minister, was associated with the debacle. The party,
meanwhile, is digging its own grave. Its Catalan wing rebelled in
parliament recently, backing Catalonia’s “right to decide” on its
future. That scares Socialist voters in other parts of Spain. But Mr
Rubalcaba’s opposition to the idea puts off potential supporters in
Catalonia, where Mr Zapatero anchored his victories. A messy town-hall
coup in northern Ponferrada, which saw local Socialists ally with the
convicted protagonist of a nasty sexual harassment case, showed the
party in further disarray.
凡以为何社会党澳门新匍京网址未能借此机会迎头赶超?因为众多西班牙口当社会党仍应为即之眼花缭乱负责。曾经欣欣向荣的经济,在社会党人何塞·路易斯·罗德里格斯·萨帕特罗首相治下陷入萧条。而当场的替代首相鲁瓦尔卡瓦,则和经济崩溃联系在一起。而此时的社会党正在自掘坟墓。党内的加泰罗尼亚势力最近上马反叛议会,重开争取加泰人数对前途的”决定权“的主。这可是吓够呛了西班牙任何地面的社会党选民。但鲁瓦尔卡瓦对当时等同看好的不予削减了加泰地区之私房选民,而这正是帮助萨帕特罗锁定选举胜利的地区。而当北部城市蓬费拉达,一街纷纷扬扬的,因当地社会党人与同一各类下流的性骚扰案主角结盟而拍市政厅的倒,表明了社会党陷入更加的烂的或许。

Mr Rubalcaba himself remains a problem. He has clung to the top job
despite leading the party to an historic defeat in 2011. The 61-year-old
veteran not only bears the Zapatero stigma, but also that of a minister
in Felipe González’s 1990s governments. He is hardly a bright new broom
for jaundiced left-wing voters. Some party leaders say so openly. “Many
others agree with me,” said Tomas Gómez, a prominent rebel who heads the
Madrid party branch.
鲁瓦尔卡瓦自己吧有劳动。尽管以2011年之选出被受到了历史性的重挫,可他照样牢牢把持有着社会党领导人的位置。这员61年之政坛老手不仅受了萨帕特罗时的屈辱,而且早于90年份就以费利佩·冈萨雷斯政府任职部长。对激进的左派选民而言,他可是算是不达等同个会带来新风的人士。一些党内领导人,譬如著名的反对派,社会党马德里分部领导人,托马斯·戈麦斯,甚至公开宣称:”另发众多总人口支持自己。“

Mr Gómez may fancy himself as a candidate for the premiership, as does
Patxi López, the popular former Basque regional president. Better bets
are a former defence minister, Carme Chacón, aged 42, or one of the
party’s parliamentary bosses, Eduardo Madina. Ms Chacón was narrowly
beaten for the leadership by Mr Rubalcaba at a conference last year. She
broke ranks with her Catalan colleagues to abstain in the vote on the
“right to decide” in a tactical bid to stay in the running. Mr Madina is
just 37, yet still experienced. He also wins sympathy for overcoming a
terrorist bomb attack that blew off part of his leg. But he might not
yet want the job.
戈麦斯或许在幻想自己能够成为首相候选人,而广大于欢迎的巴斯克自治区先驱主席帕池·洛佩兹为一样。更有把握的人选应该是42秋之前驱国防部长卡梅·查孔,以及社会党议院领袖爱德华多·麦地那。于去年底党内大会的领导人争夺中,查孔女士以微弱劣势惜败为鲁瓦尔卡瓦。她战略性地与党内的加泰同僚脱离关系,从而避免吃卷入关于”决定权“的投票,得以前仆后继留为局内。而麦地那无非出37岁,经验少。恐怖炸弹袭击而他去了同段腿,而战胜苦难而他获了大众的同情心。但他或并无需要要之职位。

Analysts predict that the economy will shrink by 1.5% this year;
recovery in 2014 is uncertain. The European Commission expects
unemployment will still be stuck above 26% next year. Elections will
probably be held at the end of 2015. Austerity-exhausted Spaniards may
demand change. But if the Socialists want power, they probably need a
new leader.
分析人士预测今年底经济会跌1.5%,且并无确定及2014年是不是能复苏。欧盟委员会想会将失业率控制以26%。而2015年末或者而以举行选举。承受着紧缩的苦之西班牙人或者会要求更改。但假如社会党想只要重掌权力,或许他们需要一个新的特首。

From the print edition: Europe

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